초등학생의 과외체육활동이 학교 체육수업 선호도에 미치는 영향 = The Effect of Extracurricular Physical Programs on Students' Preference in Elementary School Physical Education
The purpose of this study was to examine the present state of elementary school students in extracurricular physical programs and its effect on their preference in school P.E and to provide research materials which can be used to increase teaching efficiency. For this purpose, a questionnaire was completed by 410 fifth and sixth grades in 4 different school districts(Kang-nam, Kang-buk, Kang-dong and Kang-seo)in Seoul. The questionnaire was developed on the basis of the study and adjusted for the purpose of this study. The results of the questionnaire were analyzed by SPSS. The general characteristics of the subjects of the survey were presented through frequency analysis. The correlations between the subjects' preference in the sub-fields of P.E. and the participation in the extracurricular physical program and gender were analyzed by x² verification. In addition, the t-test was executed to see the differences of preference in the sub-fields of P.E. The results were as follows. 1) The students who were not involved in extracurricular physical activity (Non-EC Group) outnumbered the student who participated in it(EC Group), In addition more boys than girls were in the extracurricular physical programs. 2) In the EC Group, boys did Taekwondo most. And it was followed by swimming soccer, basketball and Kendo. Girls also chose Taekwondo most. It preceded swimming dance, sports dance and Kindo. Unlike boys, girls rather positively participated in expressive activities like dance and sports dance. 3) With respect to the correlations between subjects' attitudes towards P.E and the participation in the extracurricular physical programs and sex, EC Group and boys showed more preference, interest and positiveness than Non-EC Group and girls(p<.001). 4) With respect to the correlations between subjects' preferences in the sub-fields of P.E. and the participation in the extracurricular physical programs and gender, first, EC Group showed more preference for gymnastics than Non EC Group(p<.05). In addition, in the sub-fields of gymnastics, boys and girls liked mat activities (37.8%) and vaulting horse activities(22.7%) most respectively(p<.01). Secondly, in the tract, there was no significant differences in the preferences between groups. Both boys and girls chose "relay" as their favorite activity. Thirdly, in the sub-field of game, soccer-related game was followed by skating and skiing. Whereas the soccer-related game was favored by both EC Group and Non-EC Group, the participation variable was significant in skiing and Taekwondo. The former was favored by EC Group. Moreover, gender affected the preference in the events of game activity. While 57.5% of the boys favored for the soccer-related game, 27.3% of the girls said "skating" was their favorite event. Preference in physical strength events differed according to participation variable as well as gender variable. Fourthly, the sub-field of expressive activity was least favoured by every group. Fifthly, in the sub-field of physical strength, "Exciting physical activity" was most popular. It showed that the participation in the extracurricular physical program and gender were analyzed as following. 5) The correlations between the elementary school student' preferences in the sub-fields of P.E and the ① Compared to The Non-EC Group, the EC Group showed significant preference in the sub-field of gymnastics, game, tract, physical strength activity. Therefore, it is proved that extracurricular physical programs can increase students' interest in these four sub-fields. ② Based on the gender variable, it was found that both boys and girls were most interested in the game activity. In case of boys, it was followed by track activity, physical strength activity, and gymnastics. In case of girls, it was followed by track activity, physical strength activity. In conclusion elementary school students' participation in extracurricular physical program affected their attitudes towards P.E. Therefore, it is essential to proceed the further research on continuity between elementary school P.E. and community sports as well as need analysis on elementary school students' P.E.
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학술연구정보서비스(이하 RISS)는 정보주체의 자유와 권리 보호를 위해 「개인정보 보호법」 및 관계 법령이 정한 바를 준수하여, 적법하게 개인정보를 처리하고 안전하게 관리하고 있습니다. 이에 「개인정보 보호법」 제30조에 따라 정보주체에게 개인정보 처리에 관한 절차 및 기준을 안내하고, 이와 관련한 고충을 신속하고 원활하게 처리할 수 있도록 하기 위하여 다음과 같이 개인정보 처리방침을 수립·공개합니다.
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