고전문헌에 나타난 거문고의 명칭에 대한 연구 = Study of Names of Geomungo in Classical Literatures
Geomungo, a Korean traditional musical instrument, was called baekakjijang (meaning the best musical instrument of all) or as the collective name for string instruments. It was produced in Goguryeo, and Geumdo, the theory and techniques of geomungo, was accomplished in Unified Silla. Classical scholars of Goryeo and Joseon praised its unique aspects as an essential instrument to cultivate their mind. It played various roles for a long time. However, due to its impracticality and difficult playing techniques, its status is falling. The record of geomungo is in Chapter Hyeongeum, ``Akji`` of Samguksagii, and volume 7 of Akhaguebeom has it recorded as Hyeongeumi. Chinese musical ideas about geum in classical literatures represent the musical ideas of geomungo. It tells that Chinese ideas influenced the musical ideas of geomungo players. Considering that the word geum include traditional string instruments and gayageum and that another name for geum was geumungo, it was deducted that significant parts of intangible values of geomungo were introduced from China. In Samguksagi, it was explained to have been created by remodeling chilhyeongeum, but Japanese scholars argue that it originated from wagonghu. Also, scholars of Korea, China and Japan are discussing that wagonghu of Wei and Qin era found in Chinese musical academic circles is the origin of geomungo. Korean scholars consider geum in ancient tomb murals which is assumed to be a similar instrument before the introduction of chilhyeongeum as hyeongeum, but Jananese scholars are disagreeing because they consider it as wagonghu. Even some Korean scholars believe that is is geomungo. Beside geomungo, geum and goto, the Bible has a record of a western string instrument that is interpreted as geomungo. It tells that similar looking string instruments were interpreted or translated as geomungo from the ancient times until the latter era of the Joseon Dynasty, the Japanese Rule Era. Another name for geum or names of musical instruments related with certain players were introdueced with the ideas of geum to replace geomungo in Korean classical literatures. Aesthetic elements and ideas of playing geum were succeeded by geomungo players. It seems that Korean classical scholars selected ``geomungo`` as a collective name for geum, seul, geomungo and other similar instruments and adopted the concept with Chinese musical ideas. Geum was introduced in the 11th year of King Yejong, Goryeo (1116) and was used with seul in music for Confucian ceremonies, and its techniques were stopped at the end of Korean Empire Period. Gayageum and seul are similar in that the right hand and the both hands fingers except that they have different numbers and sizes of strings. However, geum and geomungo have different structures and techniques. Literatures include sentences explaining that materials and parts of geum, seul, geomungo and such are royal foxglove tree and silk strings, of geum are hui and jul and of seul are juhyeon and ju. However, it is hard to find uses of anjok, gwae and suldae which are names of parts of geomungo. Famous geums have contexts of history. Along with dignity and talents of producers and backgrounds and ideas of the period, they symbolizes or metaphorizes contexts of classical literatures to be involved with the ideas of geomungo. Traces of famous geum players left in classical literatures were reborn as geomungo ideas of Korean classical scholars. Musical and literary ideas from surfaces or belows of masters and famous songs of famous geums and words and phrases showing other aesthetic senses were used in Korean classical literature physically or chemically. Joseon scholars considered geomungo as the tool of manners and cultures. Therefore, it can be deducted that they would have possessed one essentially and that there would have been many players. The instruments played by Mulgyeja and Master Baekgyeol seemed to be a traditional string instrument not geomungo or gayageum considering their living periods. Also, geum in the story about Sameumgap recoreded in Samgukyusa is sure a traditional string instrument not geomungo considering the times of introductions of geomungo and gayageum. Because musical ideas of geum, seul and geomungo were mixedly used in such literatures, accurate names of geum, seul and geomungo became confused. Also, because geomungo was used as the collective name for string instruments, western string instruments were interpreted as geomungo, and even traditional string instruments before introductions of geomungo and gayageum are all interpreted as geomungo.더보기
학술연구정보서비스 이용약관 (2017년 1월 1일 ~ 현재 적용)
학술연구정보서비스(이하 RISS)는 정보주체의 자유와 권리 보호를 위해 「개인정보 보호법」 및 관계 법령이 정한 바를 준수하여, 적법하게 개인정보를 처리하고 안전하게 관리하고 있습니다. 이에 「개인정보 보호법」 제30조에 따라 정보주체에게 개인정보 처리에 관한 절차 및 기준을 안내하고, 이와 관련한 고충을 신속하고 원활하게 처리할 수 있도록 하기 위하여 다음과 같이 개인정보 처리방침을 수립·공개합니다.
주요 개인정보 처리 표시(라벨링)
|개인정보파일의 명칭||운영근거 / 처리목적||개인정보파일에 기록되는 개인정보의 항목||보유기간|
|학술연구정보서비스 이용자 가입정보 파일||한국교육학술정보원법||필수||ID, 비밀번호, 성명, 생년월일, 신분(직업구분), 이메일, 소속분야, 웹진메일 수신동의 여부||3년
|선택||소속기관명, 소속도서관명, 학과/부서명, 학번/직원번호, 휴대전화, 주소|
|KERIS 개인정보 보호책임자||정보보호본부 김태우||- 이메일 : firstname.lastname@example.org
- 전화번호 : 053-714-0439
- 팩스번호 : 053-714-0195
|KERIS 개인정보 보호담당자||개인정보보호부 이상엽|
|RISS 개인정보 보호책임자||대학학술본부 장금연||- 이메일 : email@example.com
- 전화번호 : 053-714-0149
- 팩스번호 : 053-714-0194
|RISS 개인정보 보호담당자||학술진흥부 길원진|
귀하께서는 휴면계정 전환 후 1년동안 회원정보 수집 및 이용에 대한
재동의를 하지 않으신 관계로 개인정보가 삭제되었습니다.
(참조 : RISS 이용약관 및 개인정보처리방침)
신규회원으로 가입하여 이용 부탁 드리며, 추가 문의는 고객센터로 연락 바랍니다.
- 기존 아이디 재사용 불가
RISS는 [표준개인정보 보호지침]에 따라 2년을 주기로 개인정보 수집·이용에 관하여 (재)동의를 받고 있으며, (재)동의를 하지 않을 경우, 휴면계정으로 전환됩니다.
(※ 휴면계정은 원문이용 및 복사/대출 서비스를 이용할 수 없습니다.)
휴면계정으로 전환된 후 1년간 회원정보 수집·이용에 대한 재동의를 하지 않을 경우, RISS에서 자동탈퇴 및 개인정보가 삭제처리 됩니다.
ARS번호+1번(회원가입 및 정보수정)